Gardening Lingo All Beginners Should Know

gardening lingo weeding

Congrats! You’ve decided to start gardening. Besides for the obvious beauty, a garden will bring your home (even if it’s just a container garden!), planting fruits and veggies can actually be quite therapeutic. But before your green thumb comes into play, be sure to catch up on your gardening lingo. Trust us, knowing what soil pH is, or the difference between an annual and perennial, will make your experience so much easier — specifically when you’re dealing with experts who are going to help you out.

That’s why we’ve rounded up eight gardening phrases and their meanings! Think of this as a little guide…


This is a plant that completes its life cycle within one year and then dies. Popular annuals include sunflowers, petunias, and marigolds.


This is a plant that completes its life cycle within two years and then dies. There are more vegetables than flowers like this. Popular biennials include beets, Brussels sprouts, and onion.


A bulb is a bud enclosed in layers of a thick storage.


Organic material compiled to create a type of humus which will be a source of fertilizer and soil conditioner.


The process of a plant growing from a seed. For example, the sprouting of a seedling.


This is a plant that typically lives for more than two years. Types of perennials include Peruvian lily, Lavender, and Sea Holly.


Simply put, a seedling is a young, baby plant.

Soil pH Content

This is a measure of a plant’s soil’s acidity or alkalinity. The range for soil is from 0 to 14, with anything lower than 7 being acidic and anything higher being alkaline.